Types of Constructions

While hand-knotted rugs are the most prestigiousnd well-known rug constructions, the majority of rugs made today are less expensive alternatives.

The following Section will help you understand the difference between the three of our main rug-constructions.

Hand Knotted Rugs

Let’s talk about hand knotted rugs first, the standalone feature of this style of carpets is the presence of a warp and weft with the weaver circling each knot manually around the weft and then clipping the excess yarn in the process. The warp is a spacer and the weft locks the yarn in place. Hand knotted rugs almost never come with an additional backing cloth as they don’t require one and once you flip them over, one can view the actual design on the back of the rug.

This construction is used mostly to achieve complex set of colours and designs since this style comes with the maximum number of weaving possibilities. A seasoned rug buyer can e seen spotting a hand knotted rug from a distance, a skill one acquires through time.



Hand Tufted Rugs

Hand tufted rugs are constructed using a tufting gun and contain a primary as well as secondary backing. The weaver uses a design blueprint to weave the carpet and this tufting gun contains yarns of different colours that allow artisans to punch in the right colours in the corresponding areas of a design. In most cases, one can see tufted rugs with a cotton backing cloth behind which is applied using synthetic latex. This latex is created using a concoction of industrial chemicals after which the rug is spread out in the sun to ensure it dries out completely.

This backing is done to ensure that the yarn does not pop out of the rug thereby ruining the entire carpet which is what makes this process so critical and is carried out with careful supervision.

This style of rugs come with certain limitations as one cannot achieve a design that is too intricate in nature or one that contains several colours intermingling with each other at different points.



Handloom Rugs

These are one of the most prominent styles of constructing a rug in today’s market if one is looking for that soft pile and smooth texture. A handloom rug is woven on a mechanically operated loom with shuttles going from one end to another carrying the yarn with it.

These carpets are woven in such a fashion that the rug holds its structural integrity even if a cotton cloth backing is not applied to it. This is simply due to the foundation warp and weft acting as a natural backing. On most occasions, weavers will apply two layers of this natural backing to prevent any potential damage. However, depending on the discretion of the maker, a cotton cloth can also be applied on the rug.



Flat Weave Rugs

The wonderful flat weave style of rugs, are intriguing pieces of craftsmanship simply because of the variations one can achieve in terms of colour, texture, design etc. Flatweave rugs can be constructed using a variety of looms which are set up in unique ways to accommodate specific designs.

The popular styles of construction include pit looms, shuttle looms, punja looms and power looms which can be surprisingly affordable ways to achieve some stunning artwork. The rugs that are created using all these styles are usually referred to as flat weave dhurries and may or may not have fringes. They are extremely durable and have a quicker turnaround time than hand knotted rugs and in some cases, hand tufted too.



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